新津| 巴东| 应城| 遂宁| 沧州| 海晏| 礼县| 吴忠| 商城| 保德| 灵川| 宁乡| 应县| 通江| 丹棱| 长沙| 宣威| 苗栗| 浦城| 临颍| 陆丰| 花溪| 开封市| 赞皇| 喀喇沁旗| 邵阳县| 新龙| 景东| 阳原| 新龙| 合作| 天等| 正宁| 瓯海| 岳池| 泰安| 若羌| 榆社| 宣城| 宜昌| 涠洲岛| 沛县| 北安| 榆树| 武隆| 石渠| 铜陵市| 温泉| 彭阳| 弓长岭| 承德县| 潮安| 雷山| 延津| 民丰| 温泉| 灵川| 大足| 滨海| 西安| 汾西| 萝北| 加格达奇| 高邮| 浑源| 广德| 二连浩特| 盐源| 改则| 平舆| 汉南| 原平| 洮南| 陆河| 罗平| 稻城| 东光| 竹山| 鄱阳| 惠来| 旺苍| 柳林| 丰城| 博爱| 中山| 贵德| 日喀则| 松原| 桃源| 灵寿| 双江| 迁西| 融安| 习水| 海城| 临颍| 乌恰| 沾化| 惠山| 汝城| 凤庆| 康平| 涞源| 常德| 桓台| 博野| 衡水| 东西湖| 黔西| 刚察| 临沧| 乐东| 梅里斯| 博罗| 陇川| 绥阳| 余庆| 项城| 平舆| 云梦| 吴堡| 金昌| 陕西| 三江| 贵溪| 无极| 奉贤| 竹溪| 十堰| 浑源| 武功| 东辽| 宁津| 阿拉尔| 交口| 曲周| 比如| 阳新| 田林| 田阳| 文昌| 新余| 孝昌| 双城| 阆中| 永靖| 突泉| 威县| 剑河| 蒙阴| 额济纳旗| 磐安| 苏尼特右旗| 天水| 嘉祥| 阳东| 连南| 房山| 通辽| 宣化县| 郾城| 涞源| 霍邱| 长乐| 金乡| 竹山| 东山| 东阿| 璧山| 安宁| 河北| 武昌| 诸城| 丰润| 日土| 肃南| 连云港| 青河| 富民| 榆树| 磐安| 威宁| 天水| 宁晋| 泉港| 曲松| 灞桥| 迁安| 东宁| 中山| 米林| 富裕| 石林| 珲春| 禄丰| 成都| 依安| 清水河| 建瓯| 盱眙| 乌鲁木齐| 象州| 盈江| 皮山| 肇庆| 唐山| 本溪市| 桦川| 获嘉| 庐江| 东丰| 玛曲| 红河| 萨迦| 景宁| 和平| 弋阳| 东港| 陵县| 鲁山| 康定| 吕梁| 彝良| 资阳| 枞阳| 高唐| 堆龙德庆| 凌海| 托克托| 盐亭| 古浪| 西充| 墨竹工卡| 武陵源| 龙湾| 德保| 肥城| 庆元| 枞阳| 武胜| 铜陵县| 永修| 大化| 大方| 潮州| 唐河| 德惠| 德兴| 高雄市| 湘潭县| 丹棱| 开原| 泽库| 永修| 台中市| 马关| 清丰| 大丰| 镇江| 裕民| 阜新蒙古族自治县| 六安| 武陵源|

人大代表:建议设立春秋假 促进乡村旅游业发展

2019-05-21 07:30 来源:今晚报

  人大代表:建议设立春秋假 促进乡村旅游业发展

  AustriasDominicThiemreactsduringthefinalagainstSpainsRafaelNadalatthe2018FrenchOpenTournamentinParis,FranceonJune10,2018.[Photo/Agencies]Thiemsavethreebreakpointstoholdhisserviceintothethirdset,butthe"KingofClay",,andmanagedtoconverthisfifthmatchpointonThiem,Nadalwassettoretainh,whowonon20occasions,ontheall-timelistformostGrandSlammenssinglestitles."Letmeenjoythistitle,"Nadalsaidwithasmile.""Iwouldlovetohave20likeRogerinthefutureorevenmore,butbeinghonest,it,"headded.我们乐意分享大家事业成功的喜悦,也愿意为大家走向成功保驾护航!谢谢大家!

在王伯当心里,忠义没有别的解释,无关什么良鸟择木而栖之类的文字游戏,就是选择一个自己认准的追随者,从一而终,所以为了忠义,他宁死不降。PresidentXiJinping,alsogeneralsecretaryoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommitteeandchairmanoftheCentralMilitaryCommission,talkswithacademicianofChineseAcademyofEngineeringGuanHuashiatPilotNationalLaboratoryforMarineScienceandTechnologyduringaninspectiontourinQingdao,EastChinasShandongprovince,June12,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]PresidentXiJinpingconductedaninspectiontourinthecitiesofQingdaoandWeihaiofShandongology(Qingdao),toknowmoreaboutmajorfrontiersciences,theindependentresearchanddevelopmentofmarinehigh-endequipment,,GuanHuashi,anacademicianfromChineseAcademyofEngineering,s"bluedrugstore".

  ChinesePresidentXiJinpingmeetswithGermanChancellorAngelaMerkel,inBeijing,capitalofChina,May24,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]Lastweek,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelconcludedher11thvisittoChinasince2005,,thel,fromJanuarytoMay,EuropeanleaderssuchasFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,BritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMay,DutchPrimeMinisterMarkRutteandAustrianPresidentAlexanderVanderBellenvisitedChina,,mainlybecauseoftheunstablepoliciesoftheUS,thedialoguebetweenEuropeanUnionmemberstatesandChina,statements,mediareportsandcommuniquésshowtheirmeetingshavebeen,byandlarge,,alltheEuropeanleadershavesupportedtheChina-proposedBeltandRoadInitiativeandagreedtoworkwithChinatopromoteglobalization,,MerkelsaidshesupportsChinascooperationeffortsinEurope,sodotheleadersofthe16CentralandEasternEuropeancountries,ina,whichces,especiallyoncooperationonforeignpolicies,nges,,someEUofficialsareinfluencedbyideologyand/orlobbyinggroups,,heurgedthatChinaandGer,theideologicaldifferencesarepreventingsomeEUcountriesfromcapitalizingontheopportunitiescreatedbyChinaDonaldTusk,theyneedtomakemoreeffortstoliftBeijing-Brusselsrelationstoanewlevel,especiallybecausetheyarelosingconfidenceinWashington,,whowastheprimeministerofLuxemburgfrom1995to2013andministeroffinancesfrom1989to2009beforeheadingtheEC,srelationsforeigninvestmentinthefinancial,serviceandhigh-endmanu,therefore,theEUleadersshouldmakeeffortstoestab,BeijingandBrusselscanatleastexchan,TuskandJuncker,whentheyvisitChinalaterthisyeartoholdtheirannualmeetingswithChineseleaders,mustshowtheyareeagertodothesame,sothatBeijingandBrusselscanfulfilltheirdueglobalresponsibilitiesofpromotingfreetradeanddeeAvolunteerhelpsalocaltryoutpaper-cuttingattheChineseboothatthe6thNairobiInternationalCulturalFestival,May12,2018.[PhotobyLiuHongjie/ChinaDaily]Sinceitslaunchin2013,theBeltandRoadInitiativehasb-theinternaldiscourse-presentstheBeltandRoadInitiative,onnectivity(greatertrade,infrastructureandpeople-to-peoplelinks)amongEurasiancountriesandpromotetheeconomicdevelopmentandprosperityofAsian,,theinitiativehasbeenpresentedasanembodimentofthegrandChinesevisionof,aswellasaseriesofpolicyinitiativesin,constructingacommunityofsharedfutureforhumank-theexternaldiscourse-offersasharplydifferentrepresentationandinterpretationoftheinitiative"ChinasMarshallPlan",aneconomicprojectwithstrategicsignificancefor"dictatingterms"ttoreconstructaSino-centriceconomicorder,areincarnationofthetraditionalChinesetributarysystemthatentrenchesChinaftheEurasiancontinent,replayingthehistorical"GreatGame",inotherwords,isChinas"empirebuildingalongtheSilkRoad".NoonecouldandshoulddenytheimplementationoftheBeltandRoadInitiativehasrealgeoeconom,theinitiativeischangingconventionalgeopoliticalthinkingdominat"Indo-Pacific",sucofthecountriesinvolvedintheBeltandRoadI,theycannotaccountforwhysomanyformercolonialstatesinAsiaandAfricahaveembracedtheinitiative,whichhasbeenendorsedbytheInternationalMonetaryFundandtheWorldBank;orexplaintheclosecooperationbetweenChinaandRussiainimplementingtheinitiative;orshedlightonwhyWesternbanks,includingCitigroupandDeutscheBank,,ithasinvolvednotonlyChinaandthecountriesalongtheBeltandRoadroutesasstateactors,butalsomultilateralinstitutionssuchastheWorldBankandIMFaswellastrans-nationalf,,theBeltandRoadInitiativewillnolongerbejustChina,itwillbeaglobalprojectcolle,fiveyearsafterthelaunchoftheinitiative,itisnolongerpossibletoimagineaworldwithoutitasaconstituenistol.

  sonesetoffootprintsthat(thatsaboutfourone-hundredthsofaninch)-werecrawlingandburrowingthrou,thetwominisculerowsoftracksmadebythecreature(s)d,between541millionand551millionyearsago,anepochthatsofarhasofmbrianperiod(530-540millionyearsago),a,ageobiologistatVirginiaTechandauthorofthepaperthatappearsinthecurrentissueofScienceAdvances,toldtheGuardianthatthediscoveryshedslightonwhatcreatureswerethefirsttoevolvepairsoflegs,which,ofcourse,wouldeventuallyenablethemtocrawlontodryland."Animalsusetheirappendagestomovearound,tobuildtheirhomes,tofight,tofeed,andsometimestohelpmate,"hesaid."Itisimportanttoknowwhenthefirstappendagesappeared,andinwhatanimals,becausethiscantelluswhenandhowanimalsbegantochangetotheEarthinaparticularway."Th,irregularandoverlapping,"highlycoordinated"wave-likerhythmicmotionofotherinsects,Xiaoexplaied."Thefootprintsareorganizedintwoparallelrows,asexpectediftheyweremadebyanimalswithpairedappendages,"Xiaowrites."Alsotheyareorganizedinrepeatedgroups,asexpectediftheanimalhadmultiplepairedappendages."SowhatisitTheidentityofwhatmadethetracks,Xiaosaid,"isdifficulttodetermineintheabsenceofbodyremainsattheendofthetrackways."Thestyleofmovementpointstoarthropod(spider,crab,bug)withjointedlimbs,but,Xiaowrites,addingtothemystery,"itisnotbeyondtherealmofpossibilitythattheShibantantrackwaysmayhavebeenmadebyotheranimalsanalogoustomodernannelids(worms),onychophorans(multi-leggedworms),ortardigrades()".Itmightalsohavebeenatetrapod(thefour-limbedphylumthatincludeshumans).Mymoneysonthetardigrades"waterbears",whichwerefirstdiscoveredbyaGermanzoologistin1773andhavesincebeenfoundliterallyeverywhere,fromthedepthsoftheoceanstotoweringmountaintops,fromswelteringjunglestotheAntarcticice,insand,smostresilientcreatures,abletosurviveconditionsthattakemostotherlivingthingsout-extremeheatorcold,radiation,lackofair,"claws".Andtheyareancient,aer(littlewaterbear),"slowwalker."PresidentXiJinpingsaidonSundaythatbroadconsensushadbeenreachedatthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitasleadersendtyonLong-TermGood-Neighborliness,FriendshipandCooperationoftheSCOMemberStates,acooperationprogramtocombatterrorism,separatismandextremism,ityandenvironmentalprotection,andamemorandoperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,customs,,Xisaidatamediabriefingthatallpartieshadagreedtoincreaseunityandcooperationanddeepenthepartnershipthatadvocatespeaceandreform,equaltreatment,openness,,deputysecretary-generaloftheSCO,saidtheQingdammit,PotapenkosaidtheSCOSecretariathadalsoheededmanygoodproposalsfromtheleadersofmembercountries."Inthenextstep,itisourjobtoseethemthrough,",,comprehensive,nceandjointactions."Withtheglobaleconomyfacedwithdifficultiesandsetbacksinitsrecoveryandwithfrequentfront-burnerissuesregionallyandinternationally,nocountrycancopealoneorstandunscathed,"fWTOrules,consolidatetheopen,inclusive,transparent,nondiscriminatoryandrules-basedmultilateraltradesystem,ntstrategieswillalsobereinforced,andcooperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,investment,finance,connectivityandagriculturewillbeenhancedtopromotetradeandinvestmentfacilitationandinjectnewmomentumintotheworldeconomy,ilateralcooperationinareasincludingculture,education,scienceandtechnology,environmentalprotection,health,tourism,youth,mediaandsphangeandcooperationfortheSCO,andallpartiesarewillingtodeepencooperationwithobserverstateanddialoguepartners,aswellasdialogueandexchangeswithUNandotherinternationalorregionalorganizations.

TheskylineofShenzhen,SouthChinasGuangdongprovinceisseenonJuly22,2017.[Photo/VCG]ThesouthernmetropolisofShenzhenhasjoinedothercitiesinafiercecompetitiontoattracttalentbysimplifyingtheprocedureforuniversitygraduatestoobtainlocalhouseholdregistration,,graduateswillbeabletosubmitapplicationsonlinebyuploadingtheireducationcertificatesandpersonalinformationinsteadofgoingtohumanresourceofficesinperson,authenticityandapplicantsqualifications,,itygraduatesanddealwiththeirhukoumatters,enhancingworkefficiencyandincreasingShenzhensattractivenessfortalent,,slatestefforttoattrac,thecitysho,,morethanhalfofwhichwillbedesignatedfortalentedworkers,edforthehousingstartingthisyear,,theaveragepriceforanewhomeinMaywas54,111yuan($8,445)persquaremeter,downj,aresearcherattheGuangdongAcademyofSocialSciences,saidtheintroductionofthenewhukoupolicyisaneffectivewayforShenzhentoretainandattracttalent,giventhehighcostoflivinginthecity."Formanyfreshgraduates,theprimaryissueisthehukoubecausethedocumentiscloselyrelatedtotherightsandsocialservicestheycanenjoy-forexample,buyinghomesorgettingmedicaltreatment,",asenioratShenzhenUniversity,saidalthoughhukouisanimportantfactortoconsider,themainconcernw,includingBeijing,Shanghai,ChengduandXian,havealsoofferedpreferentialpoliciestowoograduates.

  Chinahasmadesignificantprogressintechnologicalresearchanddevelopmentinrecentyears.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]Chinahasrecentlypublisheditsfirstartificialintelligence(AI)textbookforhighschoolstudents,followingaplanbycentralUniversityandAIstartupSenseTimeGroup,thenine-chaptertextbook,namedFundamentalsofArtificialIntelligence,waswrittenbyeminentscholarsfromwell-knownschoolsnationwide,uchasfacialrecognition,autodrivingandpublicsecurity."ThetextbookfocusesnotonlyonbasicsofAI,alsoonpracticaluseofAIindailylife,"saidChenYukun,aprofessoratEastChinaNormalUniversity,,about40highschoolsacrossthecountryhavejoinedthefirstbatchofAIhigheducationpilotprogram,byintroducingthetextbookincurriculum."ftheivorytowerandmakesitpartofhighschoollearning,"saidLinDahua,,thegovernmentshadestimatedthatdemandforAIprofessionalsmaysurgeto5millioninthecomingyears."ManyindustriesinthefuturewillbenefitfromAItechnology,sotheaimoftherelatedcoursesshouldbetoletstudentslearnthebasicideaandmethodsofAI,"ightsinMarch,ChinahasforthefirsttimesurpassedtheUnitedStatesinequityfundingtoAIstartups.

  国家机关网站国台办中国人大新闻网站全国政协中央人民政府外交部国家发改委教育部科学技术部国防科工委国家民族事务委员会公安部监察部民政部司法部人事部财政部国土资源部建设部铁道部交通部信息产业部农业部水利部商务部卫生部国家计生委文化部劳动和社会保障部中国人民银行审计署海关总署中国民用航空总局国家统计局国家税务总局国家环境保护总局国家广播电影电视总局国家体育总局国家工商行政管理总局国家质量技术监督总局国家知识产权局国家旅游局国家新闻出版署国家林业局国家药品监督管理局为推动西部农牧区包虫病的防治工作,十二届全国政协还专门召开了双周协商座谈会。

  AcombinationphotoshowstheTimeWarnersharespriceattheNewYorkStockExchangeandATTlogoonNov15,2017andonOct23,2016,TTs$85billionpurchaseofTimeWarner,rejectingobjectionsbytheJusticeDepartmentan,sargumentthattheacquisitionofTimeWarnerbyATT,theworldslargesttelecommunicationscompany,wouldleadtofewercho,,DonaldTrumpsaidhewouldopposethedeal"becauseitstoomuchconcentrationofpowerinthehandsoftoofew".Aspresident,TrumphasrepeatedlycriticizedCNN,whichisownedbyTimeWarnersunitTurnerBroadcasting,oftencallingit"fakenews".InadditiontoCNN,TimeWarnerownsTVnetworksHBO,,whichcouldgiveitnewkindsofsubscriptionsfromits119millionmobile,ionandmoviemakers,includingComcastCorp,whoarguedtheJusticeDepartmentcase,saidthedepartmentwouldre,includingdebt,wouldbethefourth-largestdealattemptedintheglobaltelecom,mediaandentertainmentspace,,

  Chinawilltakeaslewofincentivestofurtherboostimportsinordertodrivedomesticindustrialupgradingandbettermeettheincreasinglydiversifiedconsumptiondemandsofpeople,theStateCoun,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedthatChinawillexpandimportsandachievegreaterbalanceininternationalpaymentsunderthecurrentaccount,awillactivelyexpandimportsandlowerimporttariffsongoodssuchasautomobilesandeverydayconsumerproducts,topromoteindustrialupgradingandmerofgoodsfornineconsecutiveyears,tradeinservices,lyconsumergoods,medicine,aswellasnursingandrehabilitationfacilities,tionalproceduresandunreasonablepriceincreases,,andimportsofproducerservicescoveringresearchanddesign,tradelogistics,consultingservices,,wiromotingtheAuthorizedEconomicOperator(AEO),,acreditinformationsysteminforeigntradeaswellasenhancedintellectualpropertyrightsprotectionareneedewroundofhigh-standardopening-up,toeconomicrestructuring,andtoeconomictransformationandhigh-qualitydevelopment,,,而为了进一步推动医改工作,全国政协还于2016年5月围绕“深化医药卫生体制改革”召开了专题协商会。

  鼓励有条件的高校成立全科医学教研室、全科医学系或全科医学学院,开设全科医学概论等必修课程。

  Shanghaigovernmentandinternationalpartnerscelebratedthelaunchof‘AmazingShanghai’,apromotionaleventfortheinauguralChinaInternationalImportExpo,atLiverpool’InternationalBusineesFestivalonTuesday.[PhotobyCecilyLiu/ChinaDaily]ShanghaidelegatesvisitingsistercityLiverpoolthisweekfortheInternationalBusinessFestivalareurgingBritishcomp,vice-mayorofShanghai,saidthenewexpoisavitalmovetofurtheropentheChinesemarkettotherestoftheworld,’sflagshipbiannualtradefair,where7,000internationalbusinessesgatheroverthreeweeksseekingtosecuretradedeals.“Forbusinesseswithaglobalvision,theChinaInternationalImportExpoissomethingyoucannotmiss,”saidXu.“Chinahasabigmarket,whereconsumptionanddemandforimportedgoodsgrowrapidly.”Chinaisexpectedtoimportmorethan$10trillioningoodsandservicesoverthenextfiveyears,’stransitionintoaconsumption-ledgrowthmodel,,co-hostedbyChina’sMinistryofCommerceandShanghaismunicipalgovernment,’sreformandopeningup,whichprovidesthebackdroptoChina’,PresidentXiJinpingannouncedfurthermeasurestoopenChina’,vice-mayorofLiverpool,saidthestronglinkbetweenthetwocitiesischaracterizedbytrade,partnership,,100companiesacrossmorethan100countriesandregionshaveregisteredtoattendtheChinaInternationalImportExpo,onNov5–10,,andbusinessesfromShanghaihavebeenvisitingLiverpool’hitecturaldesignbetweenShanghai’swaterfront,alsoknownastheBund,andthefamousThreeGracesskylineatLiverpool’,aninitiativeoftheLiverpoolgovernment,hasalreadyboostedUKtradeandinvestmentactivitiesbyacumulated600millionpounds($800million).Theorganizershopethe2018festivalw,headofHSBCUK’sChinaDesk,saidUK-Chinatraderelationsareyettoreachtheirfullpotential.“Thereisgreatcomplementarity,asBritainhasexpertiseinmanysectorsthatareofstrategicfocusinChina,includingrobotics,railwaytransport,marineenergy,newenergy,newmaterials,andpharmaceutical,”,BritishcompaniesstillencounterchallengesinChina,includingculturalunderstanding,localmanagementpracticesandfindingsuitablelocalstrategyandbusinessmodels,hesaid.

  PresidentXiJinpingsaidonSundaythatbroadconsensushadbeenreachedatthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitasleadersendtyonLong-TermGood-Neighborliness,FriendshipandCooperationoftheSCOMemberStates,acooperationprogramtocombatterrorism,separatismandextremism,ityandenvironmentalprotection,andamemorandoperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,customs,,Xisaidatamediabriefingthatallpartieshadagreedtoincreaseunityandcooperationanddeepenthepartnershipthatadvocatespeaceandreform,equaltreatment,openness,,deputysecretary-generaloftheSCO,saidtheQingdammit,PotapenkosaidtheSCOSecretariathadalsoheededmanygoodproposalsfromtheleadersofmembercountries."Inthenextstep,itisourjobtoseethemthrough,",,comprehensive,nceandjointactions."Withtheglobaleconomyfacedwithdifficultiesandsetbacksinitsrecoveryandwithfrequentfront-burnerissuesregionallyandinternationally,nocountrycancopealoneorstandunscathed,"fWTOrules,consolidatetheopen,inclusive,transparent,nondiscriminatoryandrules-basedmultilateraltradesystem,ntstrategieswillalsobereinforced,andcooperationinsectorsincludingbusiness,investment,finance,connectivityandagriculturewillbeenhancedtopromotetradeandinvestmentfacilitationandinjectnewmomentumintotheworldeconomy,ilateralcooperationinareasincludingculture,education,scienceandtechnology,environmentalprotection,health,tourism,youth,mediaandsphangeandcooperationfortheSCO,andallpartiesarewillingtodeepencooperationwithobserverstateanddialoguepartners,aswellasdialogueandexchangeswithUNandotherinternationalorregionalorganizations.ThelogoforDouyin,picturedonMay25,2018.[Photo/VCG]Chinasshort-videoplatformDouyinreleaseditsuservolumeforthefirsttimeonTuesday,withmorethaasdifferentfromthreemonthsago,whenareportissuedbytheinternetconsultancyAnalysysshowedthatDouyinsarchrivalKuaishouheldasafeleaduptoFebruarywith108milliondailyactiveusers,evenmorethanthecombinedvolumeoftheotherthreevideoapps—Douyin,sofficialWeChataccount,theplatformhasincreasedby80milliondailyactiveusersinthespanofthreemonths,sdailyuserpoolwentthroughasignificantexpansionfromlessthan40milliontonearly70millionduringtheSpringFestivalholiday,,seniordirectorwithDouyin,sayingthatduringSpringFestivalthemobilityofexistingusers,mainlyspreadamongfirstorsecond-tiercities,,Douyinhassinceexpandeditsreachtovariousothercategories,suchasgourmetfood,exercise,travelandculture,,morethan40percentoftheusersonDouyinareaged24-30,compared,Douyinhasalsoattractedmorethan500governmentbodiesandmediaorganizationstoopenanaccountonitsplatform,includingtheState-ownedAssetsS,,withAllWeatherTMTquotingdatafromtheshort-videoapplicationownedbyBeijingByteDanceTechnology,,founderandCEOofBytedance,saidinMar,anoverseasiterationofDouyin,,avideosocialnetworkpurchasedbyToutiaoinNovember,haveprovidedservicesinmorethan150countriesandregions,enjoyingthefastestgrowthintheworldamongmobileapps.

  

  人大代表:建议设立春秋假 促进乡村旅游业发展

 
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C919首飞五大航空产业集群将共同开启万亿市场
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  据中国商飞工作计划,国产大飞机C919将于5月5日在浦东机场首飞。如天气条件不允许,则将顺延。业内普遍认为,C919正式首飞后,将快速进入后续的测试、生产和交付阶段,这会成为我国航空产业迈入升级期的开端。更为重要的是,随着C919的生产和交付,相关的航空制造业上下游产业将得到快速发展,华东、西北、西南、东北、中部五大航空产业集群将因此发展壮大,共同开启万亿规模市场。

  进展航空产业进入升级期

  我国航空产业经过多年的发展,已具备一定的规模。但此前我国尚不具备设计、制造大中型商用飞机的能力,因此航空产业发展仍具有巨大的升级空间。目前,我国已经上马了C919项目,并进入首飞阶段;此外,航空发动机重大专项也正在顺利推进中。作为航空产业中最重要的产品,大飞机和航空发动机一旦实现全面自主设计和制造,就意味着我国航空产业将迈入升级期,并有望在国际航空市场站稳脚跟。

  据中国商飞介绍,C919将于5月5日在浦东机场首飞。如天气条件不允许,则将顺延。中国商飞董事长金壮龙介绍,C919完成首飞后,还将开展航电、飞控、液压等各系统试验,以及机载系统集成试验和全机静力试验。据业内人士预测,如果首飞和后续工作进展顺利,C919最快将于2017年完成各项技术验证,最快将于2018年进入后续的生产和交付阶段。

  《经济参考报》记者还从工信部了解到,航空发动机专项目前也在顺利推进中。此前,负责航空发动机专项的中国航空发动机集团有限公司(以下简称“中国航发”),已在2016年珠海航展期间展出了多个型号的涡扇、涡轴等航空发动机,以及相应的新材料和新工艺。据介绍,中国航发负责研制的重点型号航空发动机已经立项,并已展开前期研发。有航空产业研发人员向记者介绍,如果一切进展顺利,重点型号航空发动机有望在2030年左右亮相,届时C919和后续国产大飞机将能够安装国产航空发动机。这将大大提升我国航空产业和重点航空产品的国际竞争力。

  业内普遍认为,C919的生产和下线,以及重点航空发动机的立项,将成为我国航空产业整体升级的开端。

  前景万亿市场规模可期

  伴随重点产品的亮相,以及相关产业政策的出台,多领域、多层次的巨大需求,也使航空产业逐渐成长为有望突破万亿规模的重要产业。

  民航数据显示,截至2015年年底,我国年人均乘机次数达到0.32次,10年增长了167%。据波音民机集团中国市场执行总监霍达仁预测,未来20年中国的运输航空市场还需要7000多架飞机,将成为全球第一个超过万亿美元的市场。招商证券等券商研报则预计,到2030年,全球对C919所属的160座级单通道喷气客机的需求量约为14500架,而我国预计需求量约为2650架。按照中国商飞的预测,C919预计至少可销售2000架以上,按照每架5000万美元测算,C919的市场空间超过1000亿美元(约合6900亿元)。

  据介绍,目前C919已获得全球23家用户的570架订单。此外,航空发动机领域的市场前景同样不容小觑。国家制造强国建设战略咨询委员会公布的权威报告预测,未来十年,全球市场对航空发动机产品需求旺盛,其中涡扇、涡喷发动机的累计全球需求总量将超7.36万台,总价值超4000亿美元;涡轴发动机累计需求量超3.4万台,总价值超190亿美元;涡桨发动机累计需求量超1.6万台,总价值超150亿美元;活塞发动机需求量超3.3万台,总价值超30亿美元。同期,我国国内干线客机对大型发动机累计需求将超6000台,总价值超500亿美元。而随着低空空域的开放,对通用飞机的航空发动机需求也将随之放量。

  据国家制造强国建设战略咨询委员会介绍,启动航空发动机专项行动是推进我国航空发动机产业快速发展的重要推手,配合中国制造2025战略,“十三五”末我国航空发动机产业规模将突破700亿元,部分产品将打入国际市场;到2025年,产业规模突破1000亿元,产业有望进入世界第一梯队。

  多家券商研报还指出,航空发动机市场需求巨大,但目前世界上只有通用(GE)、普惠(PW)和罗罗(RR)三家公司有能力独立研制航空发动机。不过随着航空发动机专项启动,以及中国航发正式组建,我国航空发动机产业将加速发展,并有望在未来争取到一定的国际市场份额。

  趋势航空产业集群加速成型

  业内认为,随着C919生产和交付,以及重点型号航空发动机的立项,将促使我国航空产业集群的加速成型。C919总设计师吴光辉向《经济参考报》记者表示,C919一旦正式交付,不但能够为我国航空产业带来巨大收益,还会促进我国航空产业的整体发展。目前,C919的生产、配套和组装涉及上海、西安、沈阳等多个核心城市和周边地区的数百家企业,上下游产业链囊括了航空制造、新材料、金属加工、航电设备、精密仪器等多个产业,航空产业集群式发展的趋势已非常明显。

  据中国商飞介绍,C919的核心部件生产分别由沈阳飞机工业集团、西安飞机工业集团、哈尔滨哈飞工业有限责任公司、四川成飞集成科技股份有限公司、江西洪都航空工业集团负责,最后交由位于上海的中国商飞进行整体组装。

  据介绍,上述公司分别是由此前的沈飞、西飞、哈飞、成飞、洪都等航空设计制造单位改制而来,其所在的沈阳、西安、成都、哈尔滨、南昌,已经成为我国航空产业的核心城市。随着C919的生产和交付,我国将有望形成以上述城市和上海为核心的华东、东北、西北、西南、中部五大航空产业集群。

  事实上,根据上述地区的“十三五”规划和中国制造2025实施方案,不难发现,这些核心产业地区也正在加速打造区域一体化的航空产业集群。以华东地区为例,目前上海、镇江、常州、嘉兴等多个长三角城市均制定了以配套生产C919大飞机为基础的航空产业发展计划,并先后建立了各自的航空产业园区,引进了多家配套生产企业。

  镇江市发改委副主任朱强松向《经济参考报》记者透露,大飞机项目启动后,镇江市以配套大飞机生产在航空产业展开布局,梳理了所有符合大飞机项目供应商条件的企业名单后,主动与上海进行产业对接;并于2009年启动建设航空航天产业园,总投资超100亿元,已成功引进了C919飞机机身后段生产商航天海鹰等数十家企业。目前,镇江航空航天产业园已成为国家级航空产业新型工业化示范基地,园区几十家企业已进入C919供应商名单,C919总装所需约10%的零部件均由园区企业生产。(来源:经济参考报 记者侯云龙)

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